A variety of water treatment processes are available to the homeowner, differing in the types of chemicals removed, location within the home, and operating and maintenance requirements.
No system is capable of removing all possible contaminants, but several processes are available for home water treatment. See the following Nebraska Extension information for an overview of household water problems, causes and potential health effects, and appropriate treatment.
Drinking Water Treatment: An Overview*.
Become a more informed water treatment consumer with information in the following Nebraska Extension NebGuide.
Drinking Water Treatment: What you need to know when selecting water treatment equipment.*
See these Nebraska Extension NebGuides for information on specific treatment technologies often used to manage household water problems.
- Sediment filtration
- Activated carbon filtration
- Water softening (ion exchange)
- Reverse osmosis
- Continuous chlorination
- Shock chlorination
Certification of treatment products is available through independent entities such as NSF or the Water Quality Association (WQA). Testing provides assurance of the effectiveness of devices designed to treat water for both aesthetic and health benefits. If you are interested in a particular treatment system you should determine if it has been certified by NSF or WQA for the use intended.
Emergency or short-term treatment may be required when the drinking water supply to your home is interrupted due to natural disasters, accidents, or other causes. See the following Nebraska Extension NebGuide for best options to use in different emergency situations.
Drinking Water Treatment: Emergency Procedures*
Omaha and Lincoln public water systems use chloramines in their disinfection process. Learn more in the following Nebraska Extension NebGuide.
Chloromines Water Disinfection: Omaha Metropolitan Utilities District and Lincoln Water Systems*
Information presented within this section has been reviewed by current or former Nebraska Extension faculty inlcuding Bruce Dvorak and Sharon Skipton.
*Documents are in PDF format. Download the current version of Adobe Reader